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In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the use of nutraceuticals for retinal diseases.

Despite advances in pharmaceutical therapies, the protection of retinal neural tissue remains a significant challenge due to its limited regenerative capacity. In this context, research on the efficacy of nutraceuticals has become relevant, especially in the field of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In this article, we will focus on the key ingredients present in Retinae, a nutraceutical product designed to maintain ocular health and prevent retinopathy.

The Retina

The retina is a highly specialized structure that lines the back of the eye and plays a crucial role in transmitting visual signals to the brain. Composed of several cell layers, the retina is highly vulnerable to damage caused by oxidative stress and inflammation, which are contributing factors in the development of diseases such as AMD. Maintaining the structural and functional integrity of the retina is critical to preserving visual health throughout life.

Retinae and RetinaeXL Ingredients

Tagetes erecta (Carotenoids – Lutein and Zeaxanthin):

Carotenoids, such as lutein and zeaxanthin, are plant pigments with antioxidant properties. Clinical studies, such as the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS), have shown that lutein and zeaxanthin may help protect the retina against oxidative damage and cellular degeneration associated with AMD. Supplementation with these carotenoids has shown significant benefits in preventing disease progression and preserving visual function.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids:

Omega-3 fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are known for their anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. Studies have shown that omega-3 supplementation can reduce retinal inflammation and neovascularization, two processes involved in the pathogenesis of AMD. In addition, omega-3 can modulate gene expression and improve retinal cell function, which contributes to the preservation of ocular health.

Vitamins (C, E, B [B6, B9, B12])

Antioxidant vitamins, such as vitamin C and vitamin E, play a crucial role in protecting the retina against oxidative stress. In addition, B vitamins, including B6, B9 and B12, are involved in the regulation of cellular metabolism and the prevention of neurodegeneration. Supplementation with these vitamins can help maintain retinal health and prevent the development of diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and AMD.

Minerals (Zinc and Copper)

Zinc and copper are essential minerals for cellular function and normal metabolism. Zinc supplementation can protect the retina against oxidative damage and cellular degeneration associated with AMD. In addition, copper plays an important role in regulating oxidative stress and inflammatory response, thus contributing to overall ocular health.


Lactoferrin, an iron-binding protein with antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, may help protect the retina against damage caused by inflammation and oxidative stress. Studies have shown that lactoferrin can modulate the immune response and reduce the expression of proinflammatory cytokines.


Retinae’s unique composition, which includes a combination of carotenoids, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and lactoferrin, offers a comprehensive strategy for the maintenance of ocular health and the prevention of retinopathies. By addressing multiple mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of diseases such as AMD, Retinae is a nutritional supplement that delivers all of these nutrients to the body and the retina.

Download the PDF for more detailed information on the composition of Retinae and bibliographic references to the studies mentioned.

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