Blog y noticias


On Wednesday 3rd April, Dr+Vet was honoured to welcome leading veterinary ophthalmologist Maria Simó for our first webinar on Keratoconjunctivitis Seca (KCS) in dogs. During this virtual event, María Simó shared her knowledge and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of this common but often underestimated eye disease. Today, we can finally announce that the full video, with subtitles in English (and other languages automatically), is available for viewing on our blog and our YouTube channel! Attached to this article, you will find the direct link to the video so you can access it and deepen the knowledge shared by María Simó.

About Maria Simó:

Maria Simó is a renowned veterinary ophthalmologist with a solid background and extensive experience in the field of veterinary ophthalmology. Graduated in Veterinary Medicine from the Autonomous University of Barcelona, María has completed several postgraduate courses and works as an ophthalmologist at the prestigious Instituto Veterinario Oftalmológico (IVO) in Barcelona.

Contenido del Webinar:

Maria Simó talked us through the basics of Keratoconjunctivitis Seca, from diagnostic methods to the most effective treatment options, exploring in detail how to approach this disease in a comprehensive way.

One of the main conclusions of the webinar was the importance of not relying solely on the Schirmer test to diagnose KCS. María Simó emphasised the need for a complete and detailed assessment, as well as the use of additional diagnostic tools for a correct diagnosis, as without all the information, ineffective treatments may be prescribed. She also talked about the importance of referring cases that do not resolve correctly in order to fully evaluate them.


We thank all participants for their support.

The webinar on Keratoconjunctivitis Seca with Maria Simó was a great success, and we would like to thank everyone who joined us for this educational event. We hope that this resource will be a valuable source of information for all veterinarians interested in veterinary ophthalmology. Feel free to check out the full video and share it with your colleagues.

Stay tuned to our social media and website for more information on future of Dr+Vet events and educational resources!


Dr+Vet presents its new Guide to the Diagnosis and Management of Keratoconjunctivitis Seca in Companion Pets

We are pleased to announce the launch of our latest initiative: the Guide to the Diagnosis and Management of Keratoconjunctivitis Seca (KCS) in Companion Animals. This guide has been designed to provide veterinarians with a tool to address this common ocular pathology in pets.

KCS, also known as dry eye, is a disease that affects the ocular health of animals, causing discomfort and, in severe cases, permanent damage to the cornea and conjunctiva. To help veterinary professionals diagnose and treat this condition effectively, our guide covers a wide range of topics, from the pathophysiology of the disease to treatment options and recommendations for clinical management.

Some of the guide’s topics include:

  • A detailed description of the disease and its impact on the ocular health of animals.
  • Explanation of the different types of KCS and their clinical features.
  • Diagnostic methods.
  • Treatment options, from artificial tears to more advanced therapies.

At Dr+Vet, we want to assist in everyday clinical practice by providing valuable resources to help veterinarians provide the best possible care for their furry patients.

The Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca Diagnosis and Management Guide is now available for free download on our website – don’t miss this opportunity to improve your knowledge and skills in managing your patients’ ocular health!

Click here to download: Dr+Vet. Guide for KCS for veterinarians


The webinar, which will take place on April 27, will address the most used ingredients in veterinary ophthalmology and their role in certain diseases, as well as the scientific evidence that supports them.

A webinar on nutraceuticals in veterinary ophthalmology will take place on Thursday, April 27 at 9:00 p.m. organized by the European Society of Veterinary Ophthalmology (ESVO), which is supported by Dr+Vet.

This webinar will address the most commonly used ingredients in veterinary ophthalmology and their role in certain diseases, as well as the scientific evidence that supports them and the recommended protocols. The webinar, which will be broadcast in English, is free for all ESVO members and for non-ESVO members, the price will be 30 euros.

The webinar will be given by ophthalmology specialist Teresa Peña, who graduated in Veterinary Medicine from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) in 1987 and received a doctorate from the same university in 1993 with an experimental study on penetrating corneal grafts in dogs.

Teresa Peña completed her ophthalmology residency at the European College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (ECVO) in a program at North Carolina State University. Since 1988 she has worked in the Department of Medicine and Surgery of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (UAB) and currently she is an associate professor of ophthalmology and surgery, and head of the Ophthalmology service at the Veterinary Teaching Clinical Hospital (FHCV-UAB).

She has been a diplomate of the ECVO since 1999, member of the Examinations Committee between 2002-2010 and member of the Credentials Committee since 2010 (chair of the committee since 2016). She served on the board of directors of the European Society of Veterinary Ophthalmology (treasurer from 1999 to 2006, vice-president from 2006 to 2007 and president from 2007 to 2009).

Likewise, the expert co-directs a postgraduate course in veterinary ophthalmology, to obtain an intermediate degree, as well as residency programs to be part of the ECVO. Her work and research are dedicated to ophthalmology, especially corneal pathology and surgery, and uveitis and ocular injuries caused by infectious diseases.



Today we will talk to you about one of the most common eye pathologies in dogs: dry eye disease or Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca.

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca is an inflammatory disease of the ocular surface (cornea and conjunctiva) secondary to the deficiency of some of the phases of the tear film and which generates tear hyperosmolarity. This hyperosmolarity and increased friction will lead to secondary infections, dehydration and malnutrition of the cornea and conjunctiva and will increase the likelihood of corneal ulcerations. In turn, chronic inflammation of the ocular surface will also end up generating conjunctival hyperemia, hyperkeratinization and thickening of the corneal epithelium, corneal vascularization with increased migration of inflammatory cells and the deposition of pigment, lipids and calcium. The prognosis is usually favorable, although it will depend on the cause of the disease and whether effective treatment is implemented early and individualized for each patient.

There are two main classifications of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca:

Qualitative: Pathological decrease in the lipid or mucoid components of the tear film. In this case, the lacrimal gland is functional and the hyperosmolarity of the tear is due to an increase in its evaporation. The cause of this type of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca may be damage or acute/chronic inflammation in the meibomian glands and/or the goblet cells of the conjunctiva, such as in cases of infectious blepharitis, seborrheic dermatitis, etc.
Quantitative: Pathological decrease in the aqueous component of the tear film. In this case, hyperosmolarity is due to reduced secretion of the aqueous component under normal evaporation conditions. This is the most common initial presentation in dogs, although in most cases, a vicious circle is generated in which the other types of components of the tear film are also affected.

The causes of Quantitative Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca are varied, such as infectious diseases, endocrine diseases, systemic immune-mediated/autoimmune diseases, iatrogenic (surgical), etc. although the most common is localized and chronic immune-mediated inflammation of the lacrimal gland (immune-mediated adenitis). There are breeds of dogs and cats that are more predisposed, as we already mentioned in one of our previous posts on our social networks (Instagram and Linkedin), such as brachiocephalic breeds, West Highland White Terriers, Cocker Spaniels and American , etc.

The symptoms that may occur are: very characteristic mucous exudate, conjunctival hyperemia, opaque cornea, with neovascularization, corneal edema and ulceration, etc.

To reach a diagnosis, we will have to be attentive to the patient’s anamnesis and clinical history, perform a general and ophthalmoscopic examination, if we suspect systemic pathologies, general analytical and other complementary tests and followed by ophthalmological tests: Shirmer test, Fluorescein, Lysamine Green Test, TBUT (Tear Break-up Time), Impression Cytology and Osavet Test.

There are various types of systemic and topical medical treatments such as artificial tears (there is a wide variety), topical immunosuppressants, etc. and in most cases they can be applied together. Additionally, if there are secondary problems such as infections or corneal ulcers, these will also need to be treated. There are also surgical procedures such as parathyroid duct transposition, among others.

Another essential asset to help improve the symptoms of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca, of which studies have already been carried out in dogs and which has others being carried out to demonstrate its effectiveness, will be supplementation with specific nutraceuticals such as Lacrimalis, rich in Omega-Fatty Acids. 3 that will improve the quality, stability and tear secretion, Lactoferrin with anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties on the ocular surface and antioxidants such as Vitamins E and C and the minerals Zinc and Copper.

From Dr+Vet Pet Care by Böthmen Pharma, we will present each of the different ophthalmological tests that we have mentioned little by little over the following weeks together with the Veterinary Ophthalmological Institute (IVO) so that you can learn more about them. lose!

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